A mood disorder or a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest is known as depression. This variety of emotional and physical changes/problems can affect your daily life and ability to function at home or work.
These mood fluctuations are common among people from late teens to mid-20s and may lead to severe health conditions with loss of appetite, trouble sleeping and even thoughts of death or suicide.
Depression is an ongoing problem, not a passing one, yet can be cured.
Consult our experts online and make effective changes to your health.
What are the types of depression?
A. Major depression
Major depression is also called major depressive disorder (MDD). It has intense or massive symptoms like trouble sleeping, feeling guilty, trouble concentrating, weight loss or gain, unexplained pains and even thoughts of suicide that last longer than two weeks
B. Persistent depressive disorder
Persistent depressive disorder or PDD is also known as dysthymia. The symptoms aren’t very severe but they are pervasive and last for at least two years or longer. People with PDD are mainly affected through sleep, appetite, energy level and self-esteem.
C. Bipolar disorder
Bipolar disorder is sometimes also mentioned as manic depression. People with bipolar disorder alternate periods of moods, from an extreme high of energy to a low depressive period. Meditation could help to bring mood swings under control.
D. Postpartum and perinatal depression
Perinatal and postpartum depression can be usually analysed on women during pregnancy and it may also last up to one year after childbirth. People with this kind of depression show symptoms like sadness, exhaustion, extreme worry about the baby‘s health and safety, difficulty caring for themselves or the new baby, and thoughts of self-harm or harming the baby.
E. Psychotic depression
Psychotic depression is accompanied by hallucination, delusion or paranoia(wrongly believing that someone is going to harm you). People with psychotic depression might experience periods where they lose touch with reality.
G. Seasonal affective disorder (SAD)
Seasonal affective disorder can also be termed as seasonal depression. It occurs during winters due to disturbance in the normal circadian rhythm of the body and goes away till spring or early summer. The symptoms are like gain of weight, need for more sleep, social withdrawal or even daily feeling of sadness.
H. Situational depression
Situational depression happens when the feelings of sadness or anxiousness start to feel out of proportion with the triggering event. It is clinically known as adjustment disorder but it’s brought on by specific events or situations.
I. Atypical depression
Atypical depression is a bit of a different kind of depression that contains the ability to be temporarily cherished. People with atypical depression show symptoms like Increased appetite, sleeping more than usual, feeling of heaviness in your arms and legs, and oversensitive to criticism
What are the symptoms of depression?
- Lost interest
- Hopeless outlook
- Getting help
- Looking at death
- Fatigue or loss of energy
- Feelings of worthlessness or guilt
- Changes in appetite and weight
- Recurrent thoughts suicide
- Uncontrollable emotions
- Slowed movement and speech
What causes depression?
- Life events
If you are already at a risk because of previous experiences above which there is trauma or lack of support, these can lead to depression.
- Brain chemistry
If the front lobe of your brain is less active then there is a huge chance of getting affected by depression.
- Medical conditions
Certain conditions or ongoing pain or illness can cause depression. Drugs and alcohol can make depression even worse.